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An Action Research on Community-Based Environmental Education in the Light of the Satoyama Initiative.
Kuang-Chung Lee, Ph.D.
Field Site
Fuli Township
Publication Link
Kuang-Chung Lee, Ph.D. / Publications / Publications Link
Finacial Source
Ministry of Science and Technology 
Research Assistants
Wang, Lin Chi, Chen, Ying Ying, Chen, Kuan Ying, Lin, Yu Yueh, Chunh, Meng Chin 
The study analyzes the development processes and outcomes of the Basic, Intermediate, and Advanced Levels of Pakalongay Interpreters’ Training Courses in Fon-nan Village, Hualien from 2012 to 2014. “Pakalongay Interpreters’ Training Courses” were a series of community-based environmental education courses developed collaboratively by the local people and National Dong-Hwa University. The courses were characterized in such a way that local elders developed the courses mainly by themselves and acted as supervisors to teach local young people. The students were all local Amis indigenous youths, and the aim of the courses was to help them to understand their cultural and natural environment, to know the traditional knowledge that is worth being inherited, and to learn some interpretation skills to introduce what they learned to tourists. In order to understand the related stakeholders, the course development strategies, the methods of their implementation, and issues and difficulties, this study employed qualitative research methods of data collection, including participant observations, semi-structured interviews, and several group discussions. The findings show that the Pakalongay Interpreters’ Training Courses encompassed economic, social, ecological, and cultural aspects of community-related resources rather than any specific professional aspects. Collaboration and complementary relationships between local teachers and the research team were the key to curriculum development and operating. Most local young students obtained a sense of belonging and cultural identity through the courses. Continuing notice and involvement by the students’ parents in the process and outcome of the courses could see significant support from them. Relevant financial support from governmental projects was important to sustain the courses, especially in the beginning stages.  
Fuli Township 
Fong-nan village 
Xiuguluan River 
Seashore Mountain Range 
Main Keywords
community-based environmental education
Satoyama Initiative
cultural landscape
collaborative planning  
Project Report